We all desire to live in a world that is fair and just but it…. Both characters are ruled by powerful motivations and beliefs; however, they differ from one character to the next. Remember those people who always thought they were right, and they always ended up in trouble for it? Set back in ancient Greece an epic battle takes place and brothers end up killing each…. Religious festivals were celebrated in Athens to pay homage to the God Dionysus, the patron of wine.
He brought joy and fun but rage and thoughtlessness too. This is similar to the effects of wine on people; wine makes people either happy or thoughtless. Yet Sophocles shows that a virtuous character or ethical behaviors sometimes lead to tragic results. Also, Antigone is…… [Read More]. Creon as a Tragic Hero. Creon as a Tragic Hero Antigone, a play written by Sophocles consisted of three main themes, all of which play a significant role in the portrayal and understanding of the play.
These themes comprise of love, fate, and pride. To begin with, Oedipus has murdered his father, who was the king of Thebes, unaware that it was his father. Subsequent to this, he took over and became the king of Thebes. What is more, Oedipus ended up marrying the reigning queen of Thebes, who was his mother and bore four children.
Antigone is one of the children that was born out of this relationship. In the end, when Oedipus came to the realization of what he had actually done, he went on to move away and cut out his eyes. Subsequent to all of this, it is Creon that ended up taking over as the king of Thebes.
The sense…… [Read More]. Self in Antigone and Hamlet. Hamlet, however, is full of hesitation. He does not experience the type of confidence Antigone does and suffers because of it. These characters are not abnormal; they are exaggerated or comical in a way audiences cannot relate to them.
They are uniquely human and that is why they are still popular today -- because they are real enough that audience members feel as though they have known these types of personalities before.
Through these characters, the playwrights show the audience how important it is to be true to self above all else. From Creon, who loses his sense of self when he sells out to power to Hamlet, who loses his sense of self when he falls into depression, to Antigone, who gladly gives her life for what she believes, we see the power of the sense of self and the importance of how it should be respected.
Doll's House and Antigone Sophocles and Henrik. In Antigone, the title character questions the right of leaders to judge strictly when she commits treason after burying her brother.
The deciding factor in determining Ibsen's characters' fates in A Doll's House is a moral dilemma of the intent behind an act of fraud. Both Sophocles and Ibsen pass judgment on their characters, but show that the justice system may be flawed when motive and intent are not considered in the prosecution of crimes. Antigone directly challenges the authority of King Creon when she says, "Your edict, King, was strong, but all your strength is weakness itself against the immortal laws of God.
They are not merely now: Theatrical Analysis of Macbeth and Antigone. Theatrical Analysis of Macbeth and Antigone The most accounted features of a tragedy are the gloominess of atmosphere, solemnity of action, mental conflicts, strain, suspense and capability of capturing the audience. Tragedy tries to stimulate the sentiments of pity and fear Devi 1. Thus, this study is comparing the two Shakespearean and Greek tragedies, Macbeth and Antigone. This analysis will compare and contrast the two plays, their theme, comparison of main characters, conflict, plot etc.
The purpose of this study is to provide a deeper understanding of the plays to the reader and to assess the similarity and differences in both the plays. Macbeth unfolds the story of a man, ambitious to become a king. He even murders King Duncan to fulfil his ambition due to the prophecy of the three witches and his wife, Lady Macbeth.
However, he ends up dying because of his greediness. Antigone, on the other…… [Read More]. Oedipus and Antigone Questions Answered. Creon is more sympathetic than Oedipus. He even goes on to accuse him of being "evil incarnate" II. Creon actually tries to change Oedipus' mind while Oedipus is nothing but a man on a mission and no one should get in his way. Creon does not change his position throughout the entire play and from this, we can gather that Creon is more stable than Oedipus. Antigone acts as she does because she firmly believes in her cause.
She is a hero because she refuses to change her position. She acts the way…… [Read More]. Role of Creon the Play Antigone Can. Role of Creon The play Antigone can certainly speak to a modern audience, because it is about the dangers of hubris, or the arrogant feeling that one can do whatever he or she wants because of the individual's feeling of power.
In a democracy, we might see this when a politician declares that he has a "mandate" from the people. Some feel that it was hubris, a feeling that he could do whatever he wanted and not be held accountable, that brought the Nixon administration down.
Although as king, Creon consults with the oracles and tries to respect the will of the gods, he is in power because of tremendous turmoil and unbelievable tragedies in his extended family. Instead of trying to bring consensus and closure to the terrible events, he decides that he must punish one person involved, but not both.
He allows funeral ceremonies for one nephew but…… [Read More]. Judgment Sophocles' Antigone Illustrates the. Good judgment is something that comes from careful consideration of the issue and understanding all of the steps that have lead to the development of the particular dilemma faced.
No situation arises without context. Consideration of that context provides a means for making better decisions. In Antigone, Creon's poor decision is backed by the chorus. The chorus, however, is not a worthy source of sound decision-making. It provides little in the way of perspective. This shows that good judgment comes from within, not from listening to the inevitable chorus of voices. The chorus is merely loud, not necessarily wise and is unlikely to bear the consequences of the decision, should it be made with poor judgment.
Creon thus suffered because he failed to consider the entire context and did not tune out the chorus when it offered…… [Read More]. Tragic Truth the Search for. It recounts the travails of Antigone, daughter of Oedipus the former king of Thebes, who disobeys King Creon in burying the body of her slain brother. Antigone does not see meaninglessness in death, but rather is willing to face death for the symbolic gesture of burying her brother.
This illustrates her own tragic quest for truth; like Gilgamesh and Creon , she is frustrated by the rules and order imposed by a mortal government, and feels that it pales in comparison to the divine moral laws such as those regarding the treatment of the dead and the…… [Read More].
Nature of Justice -- Secular or Divine. Nature of Justice -- ecular or Divine? Comparative Essay The comparison of Antigone and Dante's Inferno is interesting as they are really quite different in style, tone, context, and story type.
Both stories address the choices made by mankind, and the allegiances that people form and that impact their actions. Dante is in charge of the telling in his story, but Antigone must suffer through the interpretations, telling, and retelling of her story and that of her opponent. Third of the three Theban plays, Antigone is a tragedy attributed to ophocles circa BC.
Of the three plays set in the city of Thebes, Antigone was created first but is chronologically the last in the stream of events. Establishing the premises related to the characters in the story is dominant in the first part of the play, then the action relentlessly advances toward the outcome, which the reader assumes…… [Read More]. Major Themes in European Literature. In Oedipus Rex and Antigone, Sophocles explores the relationship an individual has with the world and society.
In each of these plays, Sophocles juxtaposes divinity and humanity and investigates the role of each within Theban society as well as looks into conflicts that arise when the laws of man conflict with divine laws. Through their narratives, Oedipus Rex and Antigone posit man is intended to serve others, including gods, and that they do not exist to be self-serving. Oedipus Rex revolves around an eponymous anti-hero who by saving the city of Thebes from a Sphinx inadvertently and simultaneously brought forth a plague upon it.
By defeating the Sphinx, Oedipus secured his place upon the Theban throne and as such was not only responsible for ensuring laws were abided, but was also responsible for protecting Thebes' citizens. Because of the plague that…… [Read More]. Family vs Society in Sophocles'. Though Antigone is certainly the protagonist of the play, she makes her decision very early in the action -- she chooses to bury her brother despite the civil disobedience and disrespect of the State that it shows.
Ismene, on the other hand, wavers between the two duties. Though Ismene's motives might be somewhat questionable, she is at least claiming a sense of duty and companionship with her sister -- and a desire to honor her brother -- by joining in the guilt of the act against the State.
Antigone will not let her, again for reasons that could be put under debate. One possible explanation for Antigone's refusal to let Ismene share the punishment for the act would be her…… [Read More].
Creon of Oedipus and the. He is hurting from being blame for this crime, however in Antigone, he falsely accuses people. He becomes heartless between both stories due to the personal experience he went through, which made him a different character in each one. King Creon decrees that Polynices the traitor is not to be buried, but his sister Antigone defies the order. She is caught, and sentenced by Creon to be buried alive - even though she is betrothed to his son Haemon.
After the blind prophet Tiresias proves that the gods are on Antigone's side, Creon changes his mind - but too late.
He goes first to bury Polynices, but Antigone has already hanged herself. When Creon arrives at the tomb, Haemon attacks him and then kills himself. When the news of their death is reported, Creon's wife Eurydice takes her own life. Creon the Play Oedipus the. This is a major departure from the Creon seen in Oedipus Rex and reflects his changed role. In addition, he sees changing one's mind as a weakness, "womanish," an undesireable trait in a king.
Once he's made a decision he feels he must stick by it even if he suspects it might have been incorrect. The first decision Creon makes that affects this play is that he will give Etocles a state funeral, but that Polynices' body is to be left out in the open, unsanctified, and left for the animals to eat. This is a terrible fate for a Greek, who must have certain rites performed to move on to the next life. Creon sided with Etocles, but both brothers broke the agreement.
Antigone is outraged that Etocles is to be ushered in to the next life proplerly but not Polynices. She takes a stand and decides to perform…… [Read More]. Tragedy in the Oedipus Trilogy Sophocles Is. Tragedy in the Oedipus Trilogy Sophocles is considered to be one of the greatest Greek dramatists, and remains among the most renowned playwrights even today. The Greek tragedy is one of the most influential genres of literary and theatrical history on the modern drama and theatre.
The theatre of ancient Greece was inspired by the worship of Dionysus, and the performance of plays was considered to be a religious experience for both the actors and the audience.
According to Aristotle, the philosopher credited with creating the definition of a tragedy, "Tragedy, then, is an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; in language embellished with each kind of artistic ornament,…… [Read More]. Hubris The Good the Bad. She is committed like Creon but for purely unselfish reasons. In this sense, we can see how the truth cannot be stopped. Antigone even admits her guilt, telling Creon, "I did it.
I don't deny a thing" In addition to this, she is not afraid of the consequences. She even has the nerve to tell Creon that his doom will be her "precious little pain.
I've been accused of folly by a fool" Antigone goes to extremes but it is for the cause of something greater than herself while Creon cannot…… [Read More]. Creon State vs Family the. Not following his own rules, in the end, would make him attractive to Thebes as he would stay close to the rules of Gods. Following his words, would have meant the despise of all Greece, something no political strategy would allow. It could be said that his change of direction comes, therefore, from two causes.
The first, and the immediate one, comes from the pressures the Chorus puts him to. It could be argued that the Chorus, in this case, is his political conscience that asks for admitting that his decision is detrimental for his rule.
A leader that creates rules with effects that are opposing the beliefs of his people has little chance for a good reign, especially in the shadows of a civil war. A state with a fragile political and social system is vulnerable to exterior forces. The other cause of his decision to bury Polyneices and…… [Read More]. Religion in the Literary Works. Machiavelli shared Douglass' opinion concerning the role of religion in one's society.
He believed that religion is instrumental in bringing about not only a moral society, but also a just one. In his discourse, "The Prince," he asserted that the ideal leader, the Prince, must not " This means that in the same way as people let their lives be influenced by religion and its values and beliefs, so too must the Prince engage in a lifestyle dominated by religion. A religious individual is a moral individual, hence commanding the respect of his people and giving him credibility to lead over society.
However, it is also vital to note that while he put premium to religiosity, Machiavelli's characterization…… [Read More]. Sophocles An Ancient Voice for. If Oedipus had controlled his temper instead, he might have averted his awful fate. Sophocles uses this parable to make a statement about man's responsibilities. Even today, people are continuously making choices that have negative impacts on their own lives, yet they shirk any blame or responsibility for the fruits of those choices.
Sophocles shows us that Oedipus is not a victim of the whims of the gods, but a victim of his own actions. Sophocles uses Oedipus to make social commentary on the self-denial of the common man. In modern times, we see this reflected in the attitudes of the average American- we constantly seek to place the blame for our misfortunes on external sources instead of acknowledging our own contributions to those misfortunes.
As much as Oedipus is a victim of his own actions, he is a victim of his emotions. He carries the anger and resentment of…… [Read More]. Education and Proper Behavior for. He believed, a bit more than Sophocles, that through behavior, humans can actually change fate. Fate does control, yes, but only punishes those who fly in the face of all that is just and divine. For instance, Plato would agree with Sophocles that Fate would have a hand in punishing those who rule via hubris, or supreme confidence in their wisdom and strengths.
However, Plato believed that through acting justly and with proper political and logical behavior, humans can actually reroute fate and escape its wrath. Aristotle was, arguably, the most different in his beliefs on how humans should behave, and the construction of their education, in this group of Plato, Sophocles and Aristotle. By setting up objective criteria for human behavior, Aristotle prepares the foundation for his aristocratic political views. Perhaps the part of Aristotle's Politics most offensive to the general concept of Greek democracy is his defense of…… [Read More].
Covenants in Genesis and Oedipus. How could that be true when that child was left in the woods to die? Oedipus is calmed, but he still sets out to solve the murder-mystery and punish the man who committed regicide. As more details come to the surface, however, Oedipus starts to get a bad feeling. The evidence indeed points to him: Laius, he learns, was slain at the same crossroads where Oedipus took the lives of a group of men.
Apparently so…as Oedipus also learns that he was the babe whom Jocasta and Laius abandoned -- and indeed has grown up to ruin the house by killing his father and marrying and having children with his mother Jocasta. Jocasta sensing that this might be the case had pleaded for Oedipus to halt the investigation, but determined to know the truth, Oedipus called the herdsman who found him tied to a tree to…… [Read More].
Tom Tigone Women Men and. It is entirely through such efforts that the larger impact of the novel is made. One scene in particular is meant as an especially compelling emotional allegory, and is very effective at making the undeniable and intimate nature of human feelings as a basis for moral decisions-making abundantly clear.
Bird catches her two sons tormenting defenseless kittens, she berates them and ultimately succumbs to tears at the plight and pain of the cats and, perhaps even more so, at the cruelty of her own children. It seems to be in man's nature -- and specifically in man's nature as opposed to woman's -- to practice cruelty, yet even the practitioners can usually be made to recognize that their cruelty is wrong simply by dint of being cruel, and for no other logical or deduced reason.
Their mother's tears more than her stern admonitions cause the boys to understand…… [Read More]. Greek Civilization Compare Greek Religion in the. Compare Greek religion in the two different periods in history in the eighth century, the time of Homer, and in the fifth century BCE, according to the following: The different ways they believed their gods intervened.
During the Epic Age, that of Homer, they believed that the God directly intervened in the lives of human beings. Over time, as the rulers of Greece became more powerful, the population began to feel that although the Gods could control lives, they were mostly observers rather than direct participants.
Whether they believed their gods favored or punished specific individuals for moral reasons. In the 8th century BC, the people believed that the Gods punished behavior, but that the punishments were more targeted at individuals who disrespected the gods rather than those who committed crimes or sins. Agency Versus Inaction in Antigone. Ismene and Antigone vary greatly in their respective attributes, Ismene is breathtakingly beautiful, while Antigone is plain; Antigone is brave while Ismene is frightened.
This difference manifests itself most brilliantly in the burial of Polynices. Antigone is willing to risk anything to have her brother buried with honor, while Ismene worries solely for the safety of her sister. In the end of the play, Antigone even takes her life in her own terms. What can be said about the desire to make life happen, the ability to not sit idly by?
Does Sophocles seem to advocate this position, despite the death of Antigone? The Function of the Chorus in Antigone. For most plays, the role of the Chorus involves a small number of people, usually between , who make commentary on the unfolding events and serve as foreshadowers to the action to come. They are usually apart from the action, yet also apart from the audience; they function best as an uninvolved narrator.
However, in Antigone, the chorus breaks most literary conventions. Instead of being portrayed as a group of people, the chorus is merely one person, who aligns himself with the audience. Why is this important? What feelings towards the play are created when the audience takes on the role of the chorus? The rivalry between Ismene and Antigone is strong, because both girls are similar in age with very contrasting personalities.
Antigone is decisive, moody, brave and impulsive, while Ismene is beautiful, timid and beautiful. However, despite this fierce rivalry between the two sisters, when Creon is threatening Ismene with death and imprisonment if she does not stop her attempts to bury her brother, Ismene is quick to jump to her defense, stating that if Creon locks Antigone up, Ismene will simply take over and die alongside her for their treason.
Is their rivalry perhaps less fierce than expected because of their bond of sisterhood? The Individual Versus the State in Antigone.
The essay topics in this lesson will help your students examine 'Antigone' more deeply, maximizing their critical understanding of the play and developing their own insights as literary critics.
Antigone Questions and Answers. The Question and Answer section for Antigone is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel.
This stillness within perhaps recalls the "hollow space" imagined by Antigone earlier. This inner silence turns the outer world into "no more than a picture," a film without a sound track. This dissociation of sound from the image of the world is a dissociation of the spectator from that world as well. Aug 23, · What is the function of the Chorus in Anouilh's play? How, for example, does it relate to the players? To the spectacle as a whole? You may want to consider such devices as address, stage positions, lighting, entrances and exits, and so on.
Using the essay topics below in conjunction with the list of important quotes from Antigone at the bottom of the page, you should have no trouble connecting with the text and writing an excellent essay. Antigone Essay Topics & Writing Assignments Jean Anouilh This set of Lesson Plans consists of approximately pages of tests, essay questions, lessons, and other teaching materials.