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Martin Luther King's "Letter From Birmingham Jail" w/ worksheet, key

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❶King's wife Coretta Scott King followed in her husband's footsteps and was active in matters of social justice and civil rights until her death in Did young men from the North and South die in a conflict that could have been solved through negotiation?

Telling Your Story

Quiz & Worksheet Goals
Writer, editor, ghostwriter, personal historian

Ann Frewer's book, Life, the Greatest Privilege , makes a lovely gift. It was about honoring what we all overcome every day to be where we are Only after her father died did the Baltimore writer piece together her father's role in recovering Nazi plunder.

Great story; amazing photographs. Son and grandson ended up flipping through the pages for over an hour, and story after story rushed out. His grandson made a documentary of them. Then the stories about survival were often embroidered with lies and fabrication. The war was over, but we were different from other young people, quieter, more careful whom we talk to, feeling still unsafe.

Many years passed, and now unexpectedly I found that there are others with similar pasts, and hidden memories. While I can't be sure that I have added any days to those lives, I am certain that, for my subjects and their families, helping tell their stories has saved their lives by creating a little piece of immortality. I do know that telling my dad's story helped preserve his life and gave new meaning to my own. The Art of Personal History , ed.

How reliable are our memories how close to the truth? The story, with photos. Pieced together from Movietone News footage made available by the Moving Image Research Collections at the University of South Carolina, this short film features interviews with elderly people across the US shot in Those funny tales and memories needn't fade with time and distance.

Mike Shatzkin, who blogs about publishing and digital change, posted this entry between engagements; it is a fascinating example of history made vivid through personal history. Both finally have the time to explore and try to overcome memories of bad times in their relationship, and both realize the time remaining to mend their ways is short.

Hagerty, Wall Street Journal, Workshops on writing your own obituary are helpful if you worry that your survivors will leave out facts and details about your life that they often may not even know about -- or that they will fail to capture the essence of your life.

You can probably find a workshop or a writer near you, to help you write yours. Help your survivors by making this one task they don't have to do on their own in the stressful and too-short time after you've died.

We can touch their surface, feel their weight. They do things that shape lives and events. Those aluminum cups that we always pulled out for outdoor picnics The mixing bowls in the kitchen, the colored blocks we stacked as toddlers, the funnies from the Detroit Free Press. The other was a victim. How their grandsons now create art together. Edokko means child of Edo — Tokyo's former name.

He was the son of Russian Jewish musicians who fled persecution during the Bolshevik Revolution, then moved around the world as Adolf Hitler began his rise — from Germany to France and, in , to Japan, where Shapiro was born. Young speaks with Shapiro about his life and experiences during the war. Memoirs used to be the territory of the famous, the intrepid, or the afflicted. Today, everyone's getting into the act, often with the help of a personal historian.

Narrating, Navigating Adversity , about how we change our stories as life changes us. The tales we tell hold powerful sway over our memories, behaviors and even identities, according to research from the burgeoning field of narrative psychology. Do check out these photos, and read about the project: Then one man got him talking. David Montero, Los Angeles Times, Only of the ship's crew made it out alive. Sometimes memories are so painful that it takes patience and time to get the storyteller to let them unfold.

Bruner and McGrath's book, , appears to be self-published--it's not an Amazon. Can someone provide publishing details? A trove of s report cards and the stories they tell Paul Lukas, Slate, a series that starts and continues in July How I found the report cards, and how they changed my life. Searching for Marie Garaventa 3. Lucille Fasanalla saved the romper she made as a student at Manhattan Trade her whole life.

Making stuffed animals for John and Caroline Kennedy. Rose Vrana is She went to trade school in the s. I found her report card. Then I found her 7. The saddest story in the report cards I found—and how it came to have a happy ending. Cook, Philadelphia Inquirer, philly. The result is a moving portrait of him. That is how I get through things. Roode, Modern Heirloom Books, We all take pictures of the milestones, big and little: But what of the everyday moments?

The in-between that, really, is the essence of our lives? Louis Post-Dispatch, May Then the whole episode became an exhibit. A New York Times investigation uncovers some of their stories and the failings of the system that put them there.

She finds typing to be easier than holding a pen to write, but still saw her blog as private diary. How reminiscing and remembering the past helps seniors. Bohanek for Journal of Family Life Children benefit from knowing about their relatives.

Parents, Not Snapshots, Are the Way for Kids to Capture and Benefit From Memories" "Early memories have a higher likelihood of surviving when children are encouraged to talk about them soon after the event.

Leiken, for her mother to answer each week. It then emails the questions to Ms. Mills, and when she replies, her answers go to her family and are stored on a website where they can read them privately.

It is one of a handful of new companies focused on enabling people to collect their family histories. Jamison, Forbes, Capturing the founder's story of how a family firm developed and thrived, giving future generations a narrative and an account of core values, can help keep the family firm going.

He died at age 56 some 40 years ago, but the sculptures still live. Their Significance for Scholars by Jane F. Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Vol. State folklorist Claude Stephenson trimmed oral portraits down to words timed at 1. Very helpful for beginning personal historians and their clients. This story of women secretly recruited during WWII to calculate weapons' trajectories for fighting U.

See how she reacts. My Life Films combine music, photos, clips and interviews to celebrate the lives of those with dementia — and help carers build better patient relationships. This might explain why when one member of an older couple experiences a drop in cognitive function, the other soon follows. Our memory systems are more of a shared resource than we realise. The patients often tell me that they've lost the thread of their own life stories: They can barely remember their pre-hospital lives and find it hard to imagine what might happen next.

On a good day, storycare helps them to reclaim their sense of wonder and suspense--and, surprisingly, laughter--even in the midst of their suffering. Here are answers to frequently asked questions.

Steve Pender's blog entry about African concept that you are truly dead when you are no longer remembered. Garland, Retiring, Your Money, NY Times, Storytelling, so important in late life, may be facilitated in many ways, including Guided Autobiography classes in which participants write stories to read aloud each week, on themes such as Money and Work , other forms of memoir writing workshops, telling one's story to a hired personal historian to be captured in print, audio, or video , or participating in dignity therapy as part of end-of-life treatment.

I am mentioned in this piece, and colleagues Cheryl Svensson and Bill Erwin are quoted at length. They fell in love. But Nevada's race laws prohibited "miscegenation" and said they could not marry.

But that wasn't Sue's only problem. Her father had Alzheimer's disease and his fading memory and agitated behaviour made it hard for caregivers to understand his needs.

But as Newton-Small leafed through the lengthy form, she had a hunch that it was not the best approach. So, at the risk of the staff thinking she was "weird," she offered to use her professional skills to write her father's story for them The experience was so powerful that Newton-Small began compiling stories for others, first as a favour to friends and then as a start-up business that provides memory care facilities with online profiles Her vision was to create a personal oral history of each of the 10 elders, capturing their reflections on the past and the changes they had seen in their lives.

Fresh voices from today's China, Six Chinese passengers survived the sinking of the Titanic. All were deported upon arrival in New York. For families and family advisors, we must at least attempt to address these story objects to avoid contentious issues later and perhaps build a more positive outcome for our families.

And in doing so, we give these objects new purpose, and we give our family a shared story. Story about the lovely book Terminal Island: Translating from speech to prose. Michael Lenehan's fascinating conversation with Studs Terkel on when and how much it is okay to cut and paste rearrange material from an interview to make it seem as if that's the way the interview subject said it.

Should also be read by all transcribers and personal historians. It may not have started out as my story, but when I chose to bring it into my life, it became part of it.

We all write our own history, and our stuff is often the only thing left to tell that story. I don't want my story to be a bunch of junk that doesn't mean anything. On other topics, watch her after a short ad talk about What Others Will Think. Click on subheads and see what she says about Structure, Direction, and Details--all previews for her book, Thinking About Memoir. Stop tweeting, texting and multitasking for a minute.

Instead, tell your story. Michael McQueen, Ode magazine , October I was struck by the things that were important to him but had gone unspoken, and by how much we had in common His mother was from Ireland but in his Italian family Ireland got short shrift.

Finally, he went there. Friedman NY Times, About the accuracy of nostalgia and how the brain records memories.

More than have now been collected. Each year a prize is offered with the promise of publication, to persuade diarists to entrust their writing to the archive. Margot Friedlander hid for 13 months before being discovered in April and sent to Theresienstadt Concentration Camp in what is now the Czech Republic. After her husband's death in , Friedlander took a memoir-writing class at the 92nd St. I had all these stories in my head.

Everything started coming back to me, many things that I pushed aside for years. The group "focuses on the day-to-day lives and experiences of women and encourages them to write stories ranging from difficult subjects such as rape, abuse and terminal illness to the seemingly mundane and hilarious. Now comes the task of making amends. Passing it along to family members is probably the greatest thing you can do in your life.

It's a lost art. Offers no-cost seminars and workshops for members of the armed forces, active and reserve, who want to learn about writing in order to tell their stories.

Their core curriculum is Ron Capps's book Writing War: Written by a veteran for veterans, it details the elements of craft involved in writing both fiction and non-fiction. The Life That Got Away Jane Lehman-Shafran has made personal and family history documentaries for many clients, and regrets the one she didn't make -- of her Nana. On Wrote by Rote. Semmes, Greenwich Citizen, What would you have done with such a discovery?

Listen to 40 stories on Cowbird. Olive Lowe, Life Stories by Liv, "It is not what we experience, but the way we experience it, that makes our stories unique First and foremost, the goal of writing should be selfish—it is a therapeutic process, helping you reflect on, make sense of, and even find closure to events in your life.

Secondly, good stories deserve to be told, not necessarily on a loudspeaker broadcast to the entire world, but in meaningful ways to those close to you.

Quite a Bit, Research Shows John Tierney, NY Times, Nostalgia, long considered a disorder, is now recognized to counteract loneliness, boredom and anxiety — making life seem more meaningful and death less frightening. Bettyan Schmidt guesting on Women's Memoirs urges you to include stories with those scrapbook photos, not just headings: Tell stories about the memories those photos represent.

Newman, Greater Good, If your life were a movie, where would the plot be headed right now? Newman discusses three common life themes: We have to find our own ways to tell them. Similarly, see her previous book: Thoughts from a Queen-Sized Bed about what it means to be married for almost forty years. Green, already adept at distilling, took Jack Daniel under his wing and, after the Civil War and the end of slavery, went to work for him in his fledgling whiskey operation.

See examples on her website. Part 1 by Mary Patricia Voell Legacies, A Partial List Legacies, Practical tips for sharing the "release" of catch and release. Are they yours to tell? By the third week of writing together, the girls -- mostly abandoned by their mothers who favored drugs or abusive boyfriends instead of their daughters -- were sitting in the laps of the older women, reading their new poems aloud.

Joy Hunter recalls a remarkable life, working in Churchill's War Rooms and attending the historic Potsdam conference in What is the engine that keeps you up late at night or gets you going in the morning? Where is your happy place? What stands between you and your ultimate dream? One researcher believes that writing down the answers can be decisive for students. The concept is based on the idea that we all have a personal narrative that shapes our view of the world and ourselves.

Some researchers believe that by writing and then editing our own stories, we can change our perceptions of ourselves and identify obstacles that stand in the way of better health Buster might actually remember some of the moments depicted in this film; some he might remember because of this film. I will remember them all, having now engraved them in memory with crayon, paint and pencil.

I expect all kids in the family to be responsible for it. After making two documentaries about families, Alan Berliner decided to make a film about his father and their family tree. Did that make his father happy? But Berliner's father, after seeing the documentary and being applauded, tells a family friend it was "the happiest day of his life.

And yet when my dad died in — same thing While capturing sound is now so easy, make sure you record the voices you will want to hear again. The sound alone will say everything someday. The discovery of a tape recording shed light on a puzzling family photograph which was taken in - and changed historian Lisa Jardine's views about the genealogy boom.

The Pop-Up Radio Archive, will support long-term online archiving of multimedia materials; a sensible, accessible, standardized system of organization, labeling, and tagging the metadata system ; and optional online publishing to make the resources available to the world. With notebooks, tape recorders, and video cameras, families are coaxing a lifetime of memories from beloved relatives.

No longer active but you can listen to stories from the archives. See its list of focused initiatives , such as the National Teachers Initiative , the StoryCorps Griot preserving the voices, experiences, and life stories of African Americans , and the Memory Loss Initiative.

Storycorps recording equipment is available for interviews done at home see Rent a Storykit , but there is a waiting list. Watch the moving video, Helen Morton's digital story about her husband Forbes's life and final weeks, when he died at home, with his family around him. The latest luxury for the fraction of the 1 percent who can afford their own planes, art collections and multiple homes is a personal keepsake that provides a lasting impression of those homes — one that requires putting down a serious amount of money.

Marc, editor of Telling Lives: The Biographer's Art , offers excellent advice and examples for those doing public interviews, as Marc did brilliantly for the National Portrait Gallery, of which he was director. Marc, who is profiled here , has spent his career curating and creating intimate portraits of the lives of others.

Everyone, in their lives, is waiting for someone to ask them questions, so they can be truthful, he says, in explaining the blunt question he asked one famous person. Grimm polled colleagues about the best way to take notes during interviews and shares their advice.

Top 10 Oddball Interview Questions for Glassdoor. Some of these may be useful in interviews geared to life stories. For those of us who want a life story to be a narrative, with a narrative arc of its own, and with lots of smaller stories within that framework, open-ended questions may be more helpful than fact-finding questions which you can fill in with later.

Questions for which there is only one answer, especially "yes" or "no," are not going to encourage the person interviewed to open up.

What you want is something that will open the floodgates for storytelling, and, when you become more skilled, that can open targeted floodgates, so what you end up with is more coherent from the start. But if what you get is not well-organized, don't worry. It can be organized later. What you want is to get the stories and information flowing in ways that mean something to the storytellers, and that capture their ways of expressing themselves, their voice, their style, their take on the world.

Below these links to questions are links to articles about how to interview successfully. You can download two PDF files: What's your greatest struggle right now?

Give one piece of advice. He's looking for a story nobody else has told him. Questions to ask at the dinner table. Eric Winick's story prompts for incident-based storytelling, as reported by Katharine on the Story Prompts thread of A Storied Career , Kathy Hansen's interesting blog on the intersection and synthesis of various forms of applied storytelling.

See also his outstanding book: What Should I Ask? Major Life Events Susan A. Great advice from popular broadcasters about questioning strangers. Some interviewers offer tips and tricks on their craft, excerpted from articles at Transom and elsewhere.

When did you kill you wife? Includes a script of suggested questions. Excellent questions listed by categories: Duckles Thought-provoking social science type questions. Check out the questions to fill in the gaps in your family history. Gillian Mawson's community group of Guernsey evacuees ages 72 to 90 in Northern England, sharing stories with each other and the community about evacuating during World War II.

Read how they do it -- how she gave them confidence with digital equipment and with talking to the public at events and on radio. Help elders bring history to life! Chip Scanlan's article for Poynter is aimed at journalists but may be helpful to personal historians, also. See also Lessons Learned: Handling Emotional Interviews, Part 2. This is for journalists, but some of the principles apply in personal history interviewing. Daniel Jones, Modern Love, NY Times, , drawn from a study by psychologist Arthur Aron and others that "explores whether intimacy between two strangers can be accelerated by having them ask each other a specific series of personal questions.

The 36 questions in the study are broken up into three sets, with each set intended to be more probing than the previous one. An Answer to Their Prayers? Books on interviewing those geared to journalists can also be helpful for personal history interviewers: Story and the Human Experience. Herzig [Back to Top]. Getting to Know You: Whether it's a simple slide show set to music or a well-crafted video or DVD with zooms, pans, titles, captions, and other professional touches, these creations are good for birthdays, bar mitzvahs, graduation parties, engagements, wedding parties, anniversaries, memorial services, funerals, or any social gathering or celebration at which shared memories will be valued.

These are not in alphabetical order but mixed up to provide a variety of viewing experiences, with some of my favorites toward the top. Stories We Tell available on Netflix , a biographical documentary, in which -- mixing interviews, Super 8 home-movie footage, and convincing reconstructions -- Sarah Polley slowly unveils secrets she discovered in her family, and family members' reactions thereto. Try to see the movie without knowing what the secrets are, beforehand. Listen to Polley on Fresh Air: When you do video captions,or subtitles for close-captioned videos, be sure that they are concise, appear on a contrasting background, and are large enough to be easily legible.

Let them linger long enough to be easily read. Advice from a pro. Social Documentary Network visual stories exploring global themes--investigating critical issues facing our world today Time Team Special 28 - Buried by the Blitz Shoreditch, London Video of an archaeological dig captures the stories of residents who lived near the area destroyed by the WWII blitz and survived it, to tell their tales Time Team Special 52 - Rediscovering Ancient Britain More Time Team specials Wikipedia links Hollywood life lessons Marie Rowe, TEDXLeamingtonSpa, One second every day Videomaker Cesar Kuriyama shoots one second of video every day of his life, and edits them together into a montage that prompts him to think how he approaches each day.

Capturing memories in video art Gabriel Barcia-Colombo. Using video mapping and projection, artist Gabriel Barcia-Colombo captures and shares his memories and friendships. At TED Fellow Talks, he shows his charming, thoughtful work -- which appears to preserve the people in his life in jars, suitcases, blenders Gloria Vanderbilt and Anderson Cooper. Love and Stuff Judith Helfand, waiting too long to hear her late mother's stories about her stuff and Notes on Blindness. After the writer and theologian John Hull became completely blind in , he kept an audio diary of his experience.

This film is a dramatization using those recordings. An American Movie Stefani Twyford's documentary about her father's life and photography minutes.

Stefani's brief and moving account of making the documentary: And when that has whet your appetite you can buy Martin Elkort's book of photographs: Street Photography Capturing the Essence of Childhood. But though the steel town has lately been hailed as a posterchild of "rustbelt revitalization," Frazier's pictures tell a different story, of the real impact of inequality and environmental toxicity.

In this short, powerful talk, the TED Fellow shares a deeply personal glimpse of an often-unseen world. How to Preserve Your Family Legacy Wall Street Journal video, Iris Wagner talks about the process of creating a video personal history, saying it may take from a few months to a couple of years including pre-production work in life review and ethical wills -- and THEN they bring in a crew and that the video may be directed both to one's parents and to one's heirs.

The subjects of the documentary series were 7 years old when it began; in the latest installment, 56 Up, they are well into middle age. The original idea behind the series was to examine the realities of the British class system at a time when the culture was experiencing extraordinary upheaval. Available from third-party sellers on Amazon: Shirley and Moe Brandon Stanton's video, for Humans of New York, of a year-old woman remembering her deceased husband.

Using photos, audio, and background music, the Breakstones created a slideshow with sound that really tugs at the heart. Better Said Than Done blog family storytelling videos.

Documenting our American family heritage, one family at a time, and inspiring viewers to capture their own family stories - before those voices are gone.

Seeking families to add to the tapestry. See also At 71, finally hearing her father's voice Susan Reimer, Baltimore Sun, and listen to the hour-long original show. Humans of New York a photoblog and book featuring street portraits and interviews collected in New York City. Started in November by photographer Brandon Stanton Ethical Will in the Workshop Rebecca Robinson shows how to combine parts of an interview with B-roll--action shots, with voice in background Jim Walsh's tribute to his father where the poetry is in the narration Lost in the Fifties--Another Time, Another Place great slide-show to music about the s, good and bad--this ought to bring up memories for those who were young then Remembering Renee Savigny Peter Savigny, HeirloomBio, and you can see more of Peter's lovely video samples here Children Full of Life watch free on Top Documentary Films.

In this award-winning documentary, children in a fourth-grade class in a primary school in Kanazawa, northwest of Tokyo, learn lessons about compassion from their homeroom teacher, Toshiro Kanamori. He instructs each to write their true inner feelings happiness, irritation, gratitude, etc.

By sharing their lives, the children begin to realize the importance of caring for each other. Great idea, and a chance to see a teaching genius in action.

Watch this moving sample part 1 of 5, here. And then part 2 , part 3 , part 4 , and part 5. Grandparents send awesome and awkward wedding toast this video gets franker and funnier toward the end, on Awkward Family Photos Point of Pride: On the same topic, eleven-part series by journalism students , chronicling the legacy of pollution left by industry.

Traces the life of Rosalie Wahl from her humble beginnings in a one-room schoolhouse in rural Kansas to her groundbreaking appointment to the Minnesota Supreme Court and explores the evolution of her social consciousness. One Second Every Day Cesar Kuriyama's TED talk on selecting one second of video from every day of his life, and editing them together into a montage that records his life, helps him remember the days, and motivates him to live interesting days.

Steve Pender's grandmother , whose personality video captures in ways print could not do Family Legacy Video. Not that you can't do both video and a book! This is a perfect model of a great personal history video. See how the picture of his friend and caregiver is shown when he is talking about her--beautifully done,and illustrations from his works become the piece of his life that they were.

In this gem of a documentary, an Israeli filmmaker gently dismantles the past, revealing a hidden link to layers and layers of heretofore unknown family history.

Scroll down to watch the trailer. The Father Michael Lapsley Story inspiring YouTube video doc about the Anglican priest and social justice activist in Capetown, South Africa, who discovered the power of story to heal emotional wounds.

He wrote about this in Redeeming the Past: Creating a video biography for your family or a client? You may commission a score or you may want to use "buy-out" music: An example of not-royalty-free music: Frank Sinatra singing "My Way. But that's not generally free, in the sense of no payment: Read Why use royalty-free music?

Here are sites some personal historians in video use with thanks to members of the Association of Personal Historians for the recommendations: Jason explains the difference between public domain, royalty free, and Creative Commons music and types of Creative Commons licenses; understanding whether your work is commercial or noncommercial; how to give proper attribution for music; and lists 31 amazing sites with free Creative Commons music. Can I use any song with a CC license on it?

See pricing for SonicFire Pro 6 , used by one of my favorite documentary makers. Finding vintage music from a particular year or place The Web is wonderful for tracking down music from a certain place or period, and often you can listen to the music. Here are some good sites and CDs for finding vintage music play it as background music as you write your memoirs or scan old photos for that photohistory. Just because it's on the Web doesn't mean it's out of copyright.

You must verify that you have the right to reproduce sounds or images you find on the Web. Wayne Fulton's useful site includes useful pages such as Scanning and Printing Resolution Calculator. Read the section on File Formats--Compression, to learn how in compressing a file you somewhat damage it, which is why professional photographers prefer TIFF files to JPEG files which are more compressed, and lose some of the image quality in the process.

Image quality is more than a number Epson, PDF. For printing purposes, to reproduce a photo in 1: If your image does not have enough pixels at the printing size you are trying to enlarge it to, the image will be blocky and pixilated instead of smooth. You can use this simple formula for determining enlargement pixels needed: Given that the average 35mm image area is 0. How to organize photos Kristen Jordan Shamus, Detroit Free Press, "Google Vice President Vint Cerf warned last year that a generation's worth of data, historical documents and photos could be lost in a pending digital dark age because of "bit rot," which happens as old programs used to view the digital documents become obsolete — think floppy discs, eight-track tapes, VHS tapes, photo negatives and slides, and even DVD formats.

Prepare your pictures so they provide comfort—not a burden—to your children: For one thing, technologies keep changing, so the content stored has to be "migrated" to new technologies. Whatever you do, save the original document or photo in its paper form. Storing love letters, photographs and other important papers "So remember: No tape it sticks. No paper clips or staples they can rust. And absolutely no plastic bins that can fill up with water.

First in a series. Those old 8mm and 16mm and 35mm films, Finding trustworthy vendors to preserve or digitize old film; Strategy for digital photo library' Preserving slides and photos; How to preserve old uncut, rolled-up negatives of photos from WW II; Photo albums vs photobooks preserve the original images as well as the scans , Old Mac, TIFFS, JPEGS, cellphones; Extracting image files from old cellphones and dead disc drives.

Good lists of specialist organizations. Conservators-Converse , plus many other resources. Use them to find a conservator to help repair or restore old letters, etc. The best media and methods for archiving your data Jon L. If you want your data to survive the decades, you need to use the right tools. Nobody knows how to portray archivists and librarians on-screen. Photo albums, home movies, handwritten letters, an unused old computer with important family documents still stored on it: To make matters worse, they're often stored in attics and basements -- the worst possible environments for preservation.

We explore high and low tech ways to protect and store family memorabilia, and the smartest way to migrate different materials to digital formats. Joseph Berger NYTimes on how a year-old non-techie Hasidic Jew who runs a record shop in Brooklyn, with advice from some experts, used advanced audio restoration programs on a regular computer to get rid of the crackles and hisses in old recordings of a "Jewish Caruso," a "Cantor for the Ages.

Learn about the distinguishing characteristics of various print processes. The stock offers over a century of dye stability when stored in recommended environments An amateur's advice to fellow amateurs. Burge, Picture Framing Magazine, The PAT is "currently the only method available for predicting reactions photographic activity between display materials and photographs over the long term.

Watch Maureen solve cases on Photo Detective. Sign up for her free e-mail newsletter, The Photo Detective with tips and articles. Caring for Your Heritage Clarke Historical Library in Michigan on how to care for, copy, and store letters, diaries, books, and other paper items; photographs; VCR tape, etc.

An Overview of the Archives Profession. Digitizing media Digital technology is great for sharing, but not for preservation. See also information on film preservation and various tips on transfering film, caring for originals, find a film transfer facility. One colleague uses their binder slip case sets to organize documents. Springfield, VA http: See the New York State Archives for a fuller list with addresses of these and other vendors of archival supplies.

Some also use Bindertek , especially for binders. Always save the original element. See also, Part 2. Family history research gets a little overhyped on this celebrity-focused show originally on NBC, now The Learning Channel but it does make people think about their heritage. Listen to delightful archived interviews and talks.

But some new tools could help. Wood, The Weekly Standard, Powerful essay on the necessity of telling the whole story of America's founding and not overemphasizing the stories of the oppressed and dispossessed at the expense of how the main narrative, of how things got done. This history had a very high security classification and it was illegal to publish it. Ellsberg copied the history and sent it to the New York Times and other newspapers. The newspapers published the history, calling it "the Pentagon Papers.

Ellsberg knew that he was violating a valid law and that he ran the risk of a jail sentence. However, he didn't try to hide his actions. For him, informing the people that the government had lied about a war was so important that it was worth being imprisoned. The government started a criminal prosecution of Mr. Ellsberg for leaking national security secrets to the press. Given these facts, was the prosecution of Mr. Ellsberg a tyrannical act? What are the arguments pro and con? The argument against the proposition that the criminal case against Mr.

Ellsberg was a tyrannical act starts with the point that Mr. Ellsberg had violated a duly enacted law that in itself did not violate a natural right. The government has the power to set a penalty for people who violate that law.

The argument for the proposition that the prosecution of Mr. Ellsberg was a tyrannical act includes the fact that the government was just trying to punish someone who had blown the whistle and exposed its lying. After all, it is good for the people to know the truth about important issues of public policy.

Ellsberg did expect to go to jail for his actions. He didn't, but that's another story. Here's the story of why Mr. Ellsberg didn't go to prison for his admittedly criminal conduct. It leads to another interesting question about tyranny. Richard Nixon was president when the Pentagon Papers were published. He was outraged at the breach of security and ordered the FBI to secretly break into the offices of Mr.

Ellsberg's psychiatrist, a man named Dr. The agents were told not to apply for a search warrant and to look for information that would be embarrassing to Mr. In obedience to the presidential directive, agents of the FBI broke into the psychiatrist's office in the dead of night. Once the government, in its effort to convict Mr. Ellsberg, had violated his rights by breaking into the office of Dr. Fielding, it had violated Mr.

Ellsberg's due process rights for a political purpose. This is a tyrannical act. It was also illegal and if the source of the information had been disclosed, any evidence that had been gathered during the burglary of the psychiatrist's office could not have been used in court.

When the government's links to the burglary were discovered, there was a tremendous public uproar. The prosecutors dropped the charges. They obviously felt that after the revelations of the burglary at his psychiatrist's office, it would be difficult to secure a conviction. Note that President Nixon resigned after the Judiciary Committee of the House of Representatives voted to impeach him for the break-in at the psychiatrist's office and other actions that tended toward tyranny, including: After the Judiciary Committee's report, President Nixon resigned from office; the only president ever to have resigned.

He was never prosecuted because he was pardoned by his successor, President Gerald Ford. President Ford said that he pardoned former President Nixon so that the U. Gerald Ford was in other matters an honorable man and few have disputed his claim.

Eventually, 25 Nixon administration officials, including four cabinet members, were convicted of obstruction of justice or other crimes. F Describe three situations in American history in which local, state, or federal governments acted in a tyrannical manner.

These examples can be from colonial times to the present day. Then describe why the actions involved "oppressive power asserted by government. Here are some examples of situations in which there is general agreement that governments in America acted in a tyrannical fashion: There are occasions when advocates for social change will break the law to dramatize their opposition.

Some will accept their punishment as the cost of making their point and to publicize the situation that they want corrected. Others will defend themselves in court, but theories of nonviolent protest do not permit them to deny what they did. This was the solution of Daniel Ellsberg, the man who leaked the Pentagon Papers see question 2.

Here is another example of someone whom many people believe to have been a political prisoner in an American jail.

Jack Kevorkian - , also called "Dr. Death," was a man who believed strongly in assisted suicide for terminally ill patients who are in terrible pain, whose quality of life is very poor, and who have the mental capacity to make a decision to terminate their own lives. Note that while assisting someone to commit suicide is illegal in most states, it is legal in Oregon, California and a few other states. A large number of people, including physicians, support doctor-assisted suicide in carefully controlled conditions.

Because assisting suicide is illegal, but because some terminally ill patients who are in pain want to end their lives quickly, doctors all over the country are secretly assisting terminally ill patients to die. However, there is no regulation of the practice and it is terrible to ask doctors to have to act in secret and put themselves at risk of being treated as a criminal. Over the years, Dr. Kevorkian helped more than terminally ill people commit suicide. In each case, the person who died took the final action causing their death.

Kevorkian assisted by inventing and building the device that allowed them to kill themselves by simply turning a switch. Many criminal cases were brought against Dr. Kevorkian, but until he had never been convicted; either judges dismissed the cases or juries found him not guilty.

Each trial was an occasion for Dr. Kevorkian to publicize his cause. Kevorkian, believing that no jury would convict him, went one step further.

He did more than set up the machine by which a terminally ill patient killed him or herself. Kevorkian gave a lethal injection to Thomas Youk, age 52, who suffered from Lou Gehrig's disease ALS , a debilitating and painful illness. Youk had lost the use of his legs and arms. His family said he was in terrible pain, that he had trouble breathing and swallowing, and that he was choking on his own saliva.

Youk said that he was terrified of dying by choking and wanted to die in a dignified manner. He signed a release requesting Dr. Kevorkian to give him the lethal injection. His family supported his decision.

Kevorkian, again with Mr. Youk's permission, made a video tape of Mr. Youk's final minutes and sent it to 60 Minutes, a TV news program. The doctor wanted the tape broadcast to force prosecutors to charge him. Kevorkian believed that by winning the case, he could make it legal for doctors to assist in the suicide of terminally ill patients. However, even if he lost the case, his protest would serve his cause. King said in his famous Letter from a Birmingham Jail: I submit that an individual who breaks a law that conscience tells him is unjust, and who willingly accepts the penalty of imprisonment in order to arouse the conscience of the community over its injustice, is in reality expressing the highest respect for law.

Kevorkian was prosecuted, with the tape being the primary evidence used by the prosecution. However, this time Dr. Kevorkian was charged with murder, rather than merely assisting a suicide. The trial judge would not let the jury hear testimony about Mr.

Youk wanting to die and giving permission for the lethal injection. Youk's family was not allowed to testify on Dr. Kevorkian was convicted and at age 71 started serving a ten year sentence, but was released after eight years for good behavior. One of the conditions of his release was that he could not assist in any more suicides or give lethal injections to people. Leaving aside the question of whether the state should permit assisted suicide and bearing in mind that planning and causing the death of another person is murder, answer two questions: Kevorkian did to Mr.

Youk an unlawful killing, either murder or assisted suicide, or should Dr. Kevorkian have a defense that he killed Mr. Youk's permission as a political act to publicize his cause? Kevorkian a political prisoner who should not have been housed in a jail with a general population of convicted murderers, rapists, thieves, and other criminals but instead in a special prison for political prisoners with better conditions? The first, which is consistent with the law in the U.

Kevorkian's action was murder or assisted suicide, it was illegal. No society can exist in reasonable order if people can go around violating laws just because they disagree with them.

People who disagree with the law should work to get it changed. No society, whether it is a democracy or a despotism can exist if people can simply violate laws they disagree with. If they violate the law, they should suffer the consequences. The second position is that Dr. Kevorkian had a defense because he didn't hide his actions, in fact he publicized them, and he had no intent to harm Mr. Instead, he acted at Mr. Youk's request to take him out of his misery. In this situation, the law should recognize a political purpose defense.

Presently, there is no political purpose defense recognized in U. They mirror the responses to the first question. If it is conceded that Dr. Kevorkian committed a crime, then he should be treated as a prisoner.

All states have minimum security prisons for inmates who do not pose risks to society. Kevorkian should have been housed in such a prison, but he committed a crime and the fact that he may have claimed a political agenda doesn't mean he should be treated differently from other prisoners.

The second position is that there would be no harm in establishing political sections of prisons for people such as conscientious objectors and protesters. They are, in fact, different from other prisoners. Select questions that are appropriate for your students. In fact, the militant suffragists used nonviolent demonstrations more than three decades before the Civil Rights Movement. The militant suffragists developed many of the techniques of nonviolent mass action on their own with no apparent connection to what Mahatma Gandhi was doing in South Africa and India at about the same time.

The portions of this HBO film that relate to the suffrage movement contain a reasonably accurate portrayal of the first major campaign of nonviolent mass action in U. The three Anchor Standards read: Anchor Standards s 1 - 3 for ELA classes. Not all assignments reach all Anchor Standards.

Teachers are encouraged to review the specific standards to make sure that over the term all standards are met. Give us your feedback! Was the Guide helpful? If so, which sections were most helpful? Do you have any suggestions for improvement? For background on Dr. Kevorkian, see The Kevorkian Verdict: Selected Awards, Cast and Director: Social-Emotional Learning Discussion Questions: Describe some acts of courage that are shown in this film.

Certainly, the actions of the suffragists were courageous when they manned the picket line in the face of hostile mobs and the threat of arrest. Once arrested, they courageously faced their imprisonment and the brutal and degrading treatment given to them. The suffragists refused to knuckle under to their jailors when they went on hunger strikes. Alice Paul's decision to lead the pickets and court arrest was courageous because she knew that, as the leader, there was a possibility that she would be singled out for special treatment.

Additional questions are set out below. RESPECT Treat others with respect; follow the Golden Rule; Be tolerant of differences; Use good manners, not bad language; Be considerate of the feelings of others; Don't threaten, hit or hurt anyone; Deal peacefully with anger, insults and disagreements 1. What is the basic reason that women deserve the right to vote?

Women are people and people have the right to determine their own destiny. Why were the white suffragists hesitant to march with the black suffragists? From the point of view of the white suffragists, making a statement about racism wasn't worth the problems it might cause.

The white suffragists were worried that if they were seen marching with black suffragists they would lose a lot of support for their cause. Because of racial prejudice and the fact that the Civil Rights Movement hadn't started, black citizens were still generally viewed as inferior. The white suffragists, while wanting equality for themselves, were afraid of undermining their fight by walking with black women.

Coalition, a project of the Josephson Institute of Ethics. TWM strongly recommends the interviews of Jessie Haver Butler and Laura Ellsworth Seiler , two women who lived during the time women were seeking the vote. Advanced students will be interested in the other books listed in the Bibliography. As Thoreau assessed law never made men a whit more just; and, by means of t Symposium Why did the Civil War Happen? Can any of you remember when you were 14 or 15 years old, and you wanted to do something but your parents would not let you?

Well, this was the exact same idea that sparked the civil war of the United States. Also, for those of who do not know what a civil war is; it is a country that is at war with itself. There have been so many wars throughout the In the early years of the Civil War it became apparent that disease would be the greatest killer.

Twice as many Civil War soldiers died of disease as were killed in combat. This was due to unsanitary and filthy conditions, untrained Medical personnel and sloppy medical examination of new recruits. Civil Trials and Criminal Trials In order to fully understand the difference between civil trials and criminal trials you must understand the different aspects of the laws that comply with them individually.

A civil law provides private and individual redress, by means of which injured persons sue those who have injured them. An example of a civil trial would be Mr. Harriet Tubman was born in Dorchester county. She was one of eleven children, and her parents were slaves. At the age of seven she was hired to do housework and to take care of white children on nearby farms.

In she married John Tubman, a free black. In she escaped to the north to freedom by following the north star. Before the outbreak of the American civil war However, one of the most interesting is without-a- doubt Cleopatra. One of the intriguing parts about her was her son Ptolemy Caesar. Some of the things that could be linked to Ptolemy would be Caesar's assass However, the question is not if Mohammed burnt the house down or not, because he admit to doing so.

The question is did Mr. Mohammed commit a crime or not. Okay let me explain. The house was as abandoned building in his neighborhood and its use as It is one of the best novels I ever read. It describes four days at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania in the summer of in what many consider to be the turning point of the American Civil War. When I was reading this novel I had a feeling that I saw all events by my own eyes.

It also made me realize h A terrible four years. Four years of victory, defeat and death. Though, without it where would the United States of America be? Pulled apart or reconstructed and as one? When asked what is the Civil War people are most likely to say a war fought between the north and the south. Then when asked why White people created a climate of superiority of their race over the Black African race that in some places, still lingers on today.

The American Civil War however, was a key turnin The federal progressive income tax has been an issue that has been argued on the floors of Congress, in front of the United States Supreme Court, in front of television cameras, and around the dinner table.

The tax served its purpose in supplementing revenue during the Civil War and World War I, but continued taking from Americans' income in peacetime, allowing fewer dollars to be spent The extremely simplified definition of civil disobedience given by Webster s Dictionary is nonviolent opposition to a law through refusal to comply with it, on grounds of conscience.

Thoreau in Civil Disobedience and Martin Luther King in Letter from Birmingham Jail both argue that laws thought of as unjust in one s mind should not be adhered to. In Herman Melville s Bartleby, a man The First Reconstruction, emerging out of the chaos of the Civil War had as its goals equality for Blacks in voting, politics, and use of public facilities. He was the 16th US president. Even though his family was poor, he worked himself to the highest office in the US.

As president of the US, he led our country through one of our most difficult times, the Civil War. Abraham Lincoln was born in Kentucky. Throughout the history of the United States, there have been many times when citizens have felt the need to revolt against their government.

Such cases of revolt took place during the times Henry David Thoreau. The reason for his revolution included discrimination against the community and Americans refusing to pay poll taxes to support the Mexican War.

Thoreau used civil disobedience t It is considered the turning point of the Civil War. In this presentationwe will explain why and tell you about the battle our presentation deals with. The troops of the battle of Gettysburg, as well as the entire civil war, were made upof common men. It wasn t a battle of gentlemen The basic elements in John Locke's political theory are natural rights, social contract, and government by consent, and right of revolution.

Locke was very concerned with the "property right" and derived property right from higher law. He also declared that natural law remained valuable in civil society as the fundamental measure of men's rights. For him, natural law effectively begins and end As we look back into history, we can assuredly state that there were indeed many great and many devastating events that wrote the novel of American history. But there is definitely one turning point in time that has made America what it is today.

This was not a world war, but rather a war between brothers and states to preserve th The Coup Of The Proletariat. The Civil War was a notable turning-point in British history. While moving historians have called this event moving, I would argue that The Civil War was in fact famous.

This claim is confirmed by three powerful points: Civil War Art is a big part of history today. People today us it to remember the war. How did people survive, where did people live, why did we fight are all questions and wonders of people today. Artist these days and back than drew about those questions.

It gave people a mental picture on how our world was back than. Also what the Civil War was about. Today there are many artists that Pendleton Civil Service Act Since the beginning of the government, people gained and lost their jobs whenever a new president took office. These jobs were political pay-offs for people who supported them.

Many people did not take their jobs too seriously because they knew they would be out of their office soon. As Henry Clay put it, government officials after an election are "like the Migration west brought South and North into conflict over slavery. Earlier compromises between the sections had succeeded because slavery had been a relatively minor issue; major differences usually revolved around culture, economics, and the balance of power.

However, by the s, slavery and its expansion became a central, pivotal issue. While the "Young America" movement and nativis According to the gods everyone is entitled to the proper burial.

Everyone has a right to be put to peace upon his or her death. Creon enforced an edict the civil law Was the war that took the lives of six-hundred thousand people avoidable? Did young men from the North and South die in a conflict that could have been solved through negotiation? The Civil War was an inevitable conflict which was bound to explode due to the failure of politics and the North and South's dispute over the issue of slavery. There are many interpretations of the causes a There have been events that have left a more lasting impression on Americans, which is peculiar because the Civil War really created the Nation that exists today.

The most interesting part of the war is that it took place entirely in the U Frisz, with a friend were stumbling over dead bodies in the dark woods when they thought to secure food from the dead. Frisz suddenly touched a body and was preparing to cut away the knapsack when the wounded soldier asked him to please not take it as he might need it before aid came.

Frisz did not take the food and passed to the next where he found a haversack with biscuits an John Brown's raid on the federal armory at Harpers Ferry, Virginia, In October , involved only a handful of abolitionists, freed no slaves, and was over in two days.

Although many Northerners condemned the raid, by John Brown had become a hero and a martyr in the North. The views about John Brown expressed in the documents illustrate the strained relationship between the N It was a program that took effect between and to help work with the effects of the Great Depression.

Roosevelt developed many new federal programs and agencies to help reduce unemployment and restore the economy. His programs helped increase government involvement in many A The views about John Brown expressed in the documents illustrate the strained relationship between the North and They do not, however, have the exact same view on it.

Socrates only believes in civil disobedience if you are given no other option. He believes if you live in a government where you are given a forum to argue your case, one should not practice civil disobedience. Socrates believes that if y The war had started. The North and South parts of the U.

A were battleing at Fort Sumter. When the first shot sprang out everyone started to shoot because one of the men got shot. Each side didn't care how much they used their guns because they had between 30 and 42 pds. Civil Code Napoleon had many impact on Europe and the World.

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16 April My Dear Fellow Clergymen: While confined here in the Birmingham city jail, I came across your recent statement calling my present activities "unwise and untimely.".

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The document available for viewing above is from an early draft of the Letter, while the audio is from King’s reading of the Letter later.

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Free Letter From a Birmingham Jail papers, essays, and research papers. Letter From Birmingham Jail study guide contains a biography of Martin Luther King, Jr., literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.

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Letter from Birmingham City Jail Homework Help Questions. What is the difference between just and unjust laws in the Letter from Birmingham City Jail by. Check your knowledge of the famous letter Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. wrote from a Birmingham jail using this interactive quiz and printable.