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How to Use Sources When Writing an Essay

Essay Citations

❶But you should follow this format exactly:

How to Cite

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MLA Formatting and Style Guide

In the above citation, there are two editors; the first is listed last name - first name, and the second is listed first name - last name. Most often, you need to cite a single essay found in a collection.

This changes the citation format slightly because you refer to the author and essay title before the collection, as in the example:. Cheryl Strayed and Robert Atwan. All bibliographic entries in MLA need to use a hanging indent, in which the second and subsequent lines of text for each entry are indented.

You might need to refer to an entire collection of essays by one author; in this case, you would cite the collection as a book by an author, as follows:. If the book is translated, include the translator in the citation, much like you would for an editor:.

This citation includes two dates, because the original essays were published in , while the reprinted edition referred to was published in If your book source has two or three authors, follow the format of last name - first name for the first author, and use first name - last name format for the subsequent authors.

You might find essays online, which are likely published on a website or as part of an online journal or magazine. The reader can assume that the information in the second quote is from the same article as the first quote.

Tong, Min, and Carrie Moran. There are instances when religious works are italicized in the text of a project, and times when it is not necessary to italicize the title. When including a reference, do not use page numbers from the scripture.

Instead, use the designated chapter numbers and verse numbers. Parenthetical citation MLA example for a religious scripture: For another MLA in-text citation website and for more on the Bible and other source types, click here.

Block quotes are called block quotes because they form their own block of text. They are set apart from the body of a project, with different spacing and margins. Begin the block quote on a new line.

The body of the full project should run along the one inch margin, but the block quote should be set in an inch and a half. The entire quote should be along the inch and a half margin. This is very different than standard reference rules. In most cases, quotation marks are added around quoted material. For block quotes, since the reader can see that the quoted material sits in its own block, it is not necessary to place quotation marks around it. The store was locked and there was a note from Grama on the house door.

Grampa had pernicious anemia and sometimes was very sick. So, naturally, it worried the pants off me. I actually thought about taking my bike down the dreaded 9N the three miles to the Saratoga Hospital. Instead, I did as I knew they wanted. I opened the store and waited for customers. None came, though, and my eye was caught by the basketball stowed away as usual behind the door.

I had to do something to take my mind off what was happening to Grampa. I took out the ball and went around the side. Notice the use of the colon prior to the start of the block quote. Do not use a colon if the block quote is part of the sentence above it. Here is an example of the same block quote, without the use of the colon: If two or more paragraphs are included in your block quote, start each paragraph on a new line.

Looking for additional helpful websites? Need another MLA in-text citation website? Check out the style in the news. We also have other handy articles, guides, and posts to help you with your research needs. Don't want to cite by hand? Search and cite automatically with EasyBib! Follow Us Facebook Twitter Youtube.

Write your research information on index cards, with the source on the front and your notes on the back. For a book, write the name of the book, the author, the place and date of publication, the publisher and the page numbers. For a website, use the specific page, not just the homepage. For an encyclopedia, include the name of the series, the volume, the publisher, the date and place of publication and page numbers.

See your style guide for more specific information about presenting your sources. On your index card, give each source a number.

If you need more than one card for your notes, give each one the same number if they share the same source. Use this number system to keep track of your sources when you prepare your "Works Cited" list at the end of the essay.

As you use research information in your essay in the form of a quote, paraphrase or summary, you must cite its source either in parenthetical documentation placed after the referenced material or by a footnote or endnote. Parenthetical documentation states the source of your reference with parentheses near the text.

Footnotes typically appear at the bottom of the page; endnotes appear at the end of the essay. You must consult your style guide to follow the format correctly.

Sharon Penn is a writer based in South Florida.


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Essays Found Online. You might find essays online, which are likely published on a website or as part of an online journal or magazine. To cite the Web page, first list the author and essay title, followed by the name of the website and the date you accessed the site, as in the example: Gould, Emily. “How Much My Novel Cost Me.” Medium, .

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For example, when you cite sources in a psychology paper you would probably use a different form of citation than you might in a paper for an English class. Finally, you should always consult your instructor to determine the form of citation appropriate for your paper.

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Citing the Same Source Multiple Times It may seem redundant to constantly include an author’s name in the body of a research project or paper. If you use an author’s work in one section of your project, and the next piece of information included is by the same individual(s), then it is not necessary to share in-text, or in parentheses, that both items . Use this number system to keep track of your sources when you prepare your "Works Cited" list at the end of the essay. As you use research information in your essay in the form of a quote, paraphrase or summary, you must cite its source either in parenthetical documentation placed after the referenced material or by a footnote or endnote.

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MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook (8 th ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page. Aug 29,  · How to Cite an Essay. Four Methods: Citing an Essay in MLA Citing an Essay in APA Citing an Essay in Chicago Style’s Note-Bibliography System Citing an Essay in Chicago Style’s Author-Date System Community Q&A. Whether you're a high school student or a professional writer, you may need to cite your sources using a Views: K.