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❶In East Africa, however, a German army of locally raised black African soldiers commanded by Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck conducted a brilliant guerrilla campaign, leading over , British and South African troops a merry dance through the bush and surrendering only after the defeat of Germany in Europe became known.




Included in the first section of t A major part of the history of Europe occurred during and after Napoleon s rule. Napoleon unified Europe, a feeling of nationalism came about that would lead to the creation of new countries. Before the s there was no Italy or Germany. There were many similarities in the unification of both Germany and Italy. They both had hardships and steps to becoming unified. The way they were unifi In the 19th Century Nationalism had a strong up rise in society.

Nationalism is the devotion to the interest or culture of a nation, and the nation would benefit from action independently rather then collectively, emphasizing nation rather then international goals.

A lot of countries want to come one with all of the people in the country. But there were a lot of problems get people to thi Out of the Big Three nations at the treaty of Versailles, France the country which suffered by far the worst during the Great War achieved her aims the best.

The French set out to achieve a number of goals, which mainly fell under two categories, security and revenge against Germany. Just like most countries which fought in this war, France was a country which was dragged into it through the Michelle Brandon My Past: I was born in Calgary, Alberta in then in I moved to Germany.

I stayed in Germany for 3 years then I moved to calgary for 2 years. Cakgary is a nice place to live it s a big city compared to Germany.

Germany is a beautiful place to go, I would like to go back to Germany for a visit. I go back to Calgary for a visit in the summer time to see my family an The Versailles treaty had an amazing affect on the future of all the countries in Europe that were a part of World War One. However, the treaty had the most devastating affect on the future of Germany. The treaty of Versailles essentially made the German people entirely responsible for the First World War.

This blame that was put on Germany was one of the main factors responsible for Germ Throughout history, the loser had always been the ultimate evil, especially in a world war, in Germany s case. However, it is true that Germany did have voluminous responsibilities of starting the war, although she was not the one who sparked off the initial dispute.

She was taking part in the imperialistic game, which made rivalries with other overseas empires. She was building an e Authoritarian Government in Germany The Unification of Germany under there the powerful leader Otto Von Bismark led to the Authoritarian style government in Germany for the next forty years through his aggressive and sometimes underhanded leadership qualities.

Bismark united Germany too Prussia not uniting Germany as an equal and fair whole this was the main cause for this new auth This is only the first few lines of this paper. If you would like to view the entire paper you need to register here. Germany seemed to be the victor, gaining control of France and Poland as well as successfully bombing England. Many people believe that Germany would have indeed won the war if not for the intervention of the United Sta First, after promoting the Gulf War he threw it away.

Instead of letting our army complete its victory he ordered it to stop! We lost the opportunity to have an army of occupation dominating the Arab oil fields, not subservient to the Saudi king, and paid for by Iraqi o Josh PelzThe conflicts of the thirty years warSunday May 30, The thirty years war was inevitable because of the unusually high amount of causes that went in to starting the war.

The war began as a civil war and became a struggle for territory and political power. The four main causes of the war were religion, economic, territorial and social. The main countries that were involved we She was building an en The Aims of Germany and Japan The s were a tumultuous time. After World War I, the Allied powers seemed determined to preserve peace, but Germany and Japan held a shared goal of world domination. In two memorandums about the plans of Germany and Japan, U.

He blamed all the economic and social troubles on these groups, Germany had pushed the U. Germany used unrestricted submarine warfare USW in the oceans against non-army ships. This violated the United States rights for neutrality and angered Americans, Even though Germans living under Bismarck did not have much power when it came to government, I still would have rather lived in Germany than in France during the Third Republic.

France had another bloody revolution in that was suppressed in may of that same year. Throughout the Third Republic not much changed: The government was weak; No really important bills were passed; No fo The similarities between the unification of Germany and the unification of Italy are: Other similarities were after the unifications both countries were ruled by a monarch and the people who were unified generaly felt more loyalty to their local government thanto the new Germany is a German speaking country in central Europe.

Its capital is Berlin. Its flag consists of three colored, horizontal stripes. The colors are black, red, and orange. It has been a united country for only ten years. It became divided during World War II after only 74 years of unification Many agreed that there were to be no more wars hence a treaty was signed.

After Germany had surrende Far more devastating than car wrecks, violent crimes or natural disasters, is the tragedy that we call war. More men have lost their lives, broken their dreams and shattered their hope than is possible to fathom.

But far more than death stalks the battlefields. A host of terrors, including homesickness, lonlieness, and the loss of innocence play major roles in soldier's lives. In history classes today elementary, high school, and some in the college or university level as well our teachers rarely give us an in-depth look at events, instead they just give us a quick scan of what happened, when, and why the events mentioned are important.

I have yet to have had a history teacher get deep into the subject matter of a certain event, or chain of events as I would like More Trouble Than Good. In a miserably failed attempt to stop the already ongoing violence during world war one, and prevent further conflict in the region, the Treaty of Versailles was proposed by ex-president Woodrow Wilson.

Such treaty — not using the term according to its stipulated meaning — set cruel rules and pointers that would only produce more violence and terror. The Treaty of Versailles was a do Many historians have disputed over the origins of World War I, who started it, who is to blame for the outbreak of the war? And there are no accurate answers to the questions. To support the statement "Germany was responsible for the outbreak of World War I" to a full extent is During the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, there were many technological advances that changed the way war was looked upon.

The First World War. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to request removal:. Essay UK offers professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service. Our work is high quality, plagiarism-free and delivered on time. Registered Data Controller No: Accounting essays Architecture essays Business essays Coursework Economics essays Education essays Engineering essays English language essays English literature essays.

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About this resource This History essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. Order a custom essay Print this page Search again Word count: This page has approximately words. One particular instance of this phenomenon came in April of when "the Canadian Corps left it's trenches all along it's front and stormed the German…… [Read More]. Clausewitz and World War I The role of various theories and concepts in the First World War has been an issue of considerable concern that has attracted various studies in attempts to understand their influence in the various battles related to the war.

In addition to the various concepts behind the war, Clausewitz theories of war have come under increased scrutiny with regards to their influence on World War I. The scrutiny has led to assertions that the protracted and bloody stalemate of the First World War was largely because of the decision by the then leaders to stubbornly rely on the theories of Clausewitz.

These assertions have generated various arguments and counter-arguments based on an overall outlook and analysis of the actual causes of World War I.

Proponents of this idea continue to assert that these theories largely influence military strategies while opponents state that the theories had very…… [Read More].

Balance of Power in the First World War. The origins of the first world war of the 20th century are now a matter of historical record, but even prior to the outbreak of hostilities in , most observers in a position of authority readily recognized that it was not a question of whether there would be a war, but rather of when and where it would begin Fromkin Because the "ar to End All ars" failed to do so, it is important to better understand its origins and the balance of power concept can facilitate that process.

To this end, this paper reviews the relevant literature to explain how the balance of power can help modern observers better understand the origins of orld ar I, followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues in the conclusion. Balance of Power…… [Read More]. Lead Up to the First World War. Russian Revolution Lenin's April Theses? When Vladimir Lenin returned to Saint Petersburg from his exile in Switzerland, he wrote a collection of directives that were intended for Bolsheviks, both those in Russia and those returning to Russia from exile, just as Lenin was Acton, et al.

The primary tenets of the Aprelskiye Tezisy or April Theses, as they came to be called, were primarily as follows: The workers' councils or soviets were to take power -- to control the state -- and in the process, denounce all liberals and social democrats who were in the Provisional Government Acton, et al. That is to say that he implored the Bolsheviks to not cooperate with the government, but rather to help establish new communist policies Acton, et al. Lenin argued that the rank and file revolutionaries had been deceived by the bourgeoisie…… [Read More].

WWI took place from to and major countries took part in it; war resulting in drastic consequences such as collapse of economies and death of millions of people. The two main groups fighting against each other were Triple Alliance and Triple Entente also known as the Western Powers. WWI The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife represented a culmination of several concurrent forces, all of which led to the outbreak of World War.

The concurrent forces that led to World War One can be loosely grouped under the following categories: Within each of these categories are ample sub-categories that can testify to the extent of forces that shaped the pre-war conditions throughout not just Europe but the entire world. World War One was a total war for many reasons: The Great War also brought to light the impact of globalization on the global economy and political enterprise.

Nationalism, imperialism, and militarism all played a part in shaping participation in World War One; the effects of which continue to reverberate. World War I Like All. National debt and veterans benefits for example drove a permanent increase in taxes, although these were not as high as during the war. The country's international economic position was also permanently affected. In general, it appears as if the war effort had a favorable impact on the U..

The devastating human and resource losses were offset by favorable economic factors. In this way, World War I changed the economic position of the United tates both permanently and favorably. Declaration of War with Germany,…… [Read More]. World War I Known at.

Conscription From the beginning of the war, there had been some variation in the Canadian attitude toward the conflict. Canada never questioned the legitimacy of the war and did not question the need for Canadian participation. There were differences of opinion, though, concerning how extensive the Canadian contribution should be. These variations affected the response to calls for enlistment and divided the country as the towns were more willing than the countryside, the prairies more willing than the Atlantic seaboard, and "it was observed that the proportion of enlistments achieved by any social group appeared to vary almost inversely to the length of its connection with Canada.

On the one hand, the ritish-born -- the new arrivals with a large proportion of unattached males of military age -- gave the highest percentage of their numbers to the armed services, and, on the other hand, the French Canadians unquestionably gave the…… [Read More]. Sonar esearch and Naval Warfare: One of those was sonar research, because it provided them with knowledge they would not have otherwise had Hackmann, Sonar is not perfect, but a great deal of work has gone into it since its creation, and that has helped it to become a more valuable tool for Naval operations.

Sonar is used for navigation, but also for communication and the detection of objects, primarily underwater Urick, There are two types of sonar: In active sonar, pings are sent out to search for other objects Hackmann, Passive sonar does not send out a signal, but only listens for the pings and signals of others Hackmann, Both have their place,…… [Read More]. The Second World War also helped the country to overcome the economic depression of the s as its wartime industrial production stimulated its economy.

Number , December, On May 26, at http: The Constantinople Agreement followed by many more including the ykes Picot agreement over and again implemented covert agreements regarding lands that would go to each of the Allies. After the war, France received Lebanon and yria even though yria herself preferred an American mandate 2 , and Britain received land that included Palestine, Israel, Transjordan, and Iraq 3. The indigenous people themselves were never consulted regarding whom they wished to control them, and colonization, consequently, prompted Arabic nationalism.

Nationalism was, furthermore, created by the fact that the peace settlements imposed by the Allies after World War I broke up nation states and created others, confusing many who,…… [Read More].

As the mores of socialism began to take root in many parts of the continent, fascism emerged as a powerful counterpoint. For nations like Italy, Spain and Germany, the consequences of a sustained and devastating recession would be a coalescing of support behind strong, self-proclaimed and authoritarian leaders. Certainly, most notorious among them would be Adolph Hitler, whose Nazi party would first occupy Austria and Germany before ultimately pursuing a more global agenda.

However, for our discussion, the primary interest is the degree of success that the Nazi party had in ultimately penetrating Germany with its values, ideals and policies. As the discussion here will show, propaganda would play a central role in the ability of the Nazi party to garner support and generate the impassioned loyalty of the…… [Read More]. World War I And Related. All European nations suffered devastating postwar economic consequences, which further increased the reluctance to use military force to subdue Hitler.

The United States enjoyed a postwar boom, given that none of the battles had been waged upon its own territories. But the Republican-dominated Senate refused to allow the U.

To become a member of the League of Nations, and the absence of strong American leadership made the League ineffective as a peacekeeping force.

Germany was also stripped of all of its colonies: Although they were 'older' nations, Germany and Russia were particularly politically unstable, as a result of the conditions spawned by orld ar I. Despite its early exit from the ar, Russia's economy was undergoing an…… [Read More].

Americans might want to stay out of the war, but most of them cared which side won. Ironically, because there were so many first- or second-generation immigrants from Germany and Ireland, the leaning was toward the Central Powers. However, "old-line Americans" mostly of ritish descent were sympathetic to the Allies.

Yet actions were to occur that made the final decision. In , the Germans sank the ritish Cunard liner Lusitania with Americans on board. The Americans were outraged and sent letters to no avail.

Then U-boats sank a number of American ships and finally, the press published a secret telegram from the German Foreign Minister Arthur Zimmerman to the Mexican government proposing a German-Mexican offensive…… [Read More].

World War One Technological Developments. Technology and Warfare World War I demonstrated a lucid transformation in how wars were fought. One of the most obvious technological developments of this time manifested via the weaponry used. Tanks and machine guns had a tremendous impact on the way that soldiers engaged in warfare and influenced what it meant to be a soldier.

Mass production and the development of flying machines also had a grave impact on modern warfare and the speed at which weapons and vehicles could be made and replaced. So much of World War I is connected to trench warfare: These trenches were enforced with barbed wire and stations for machine guns. Trench warfare was directly responsible for how long the war went on, because it easily…… [Read More]. World War I On Politics. With a profound sense of the solemn and even tragical character of the step I am taking and of the grave responsibilities which it involves, but in unhesitating obedience to what I deem my constitutional duty, I advise that the Congress declare the recent course of the Imperial German Government to be in fact nothing less than war against the Government and people of the United States America is privileged to spend her blood and her might for the principles that gave her birth and happiness and the peace which she has treasured.

God helping her, she can do no other. With America's entry into the war, things suddenly changed as we were was no longer spectators. The response from the public was however not overwhelming since it had been…… [Read More].

I was delighted to find out the name of the originator of the term, British commander Archibald Wavell, since this is not something I knew before. The review provides several pieces of interesting information, including the fact that the British, and particularly Kitchener, were largely ignorant about the social and cultural nature of the Middle East, making the British policy for this region largely ineffective at best and explosive at worst.

Another piece of interesting information is the mistaken belief that a conspiracy was underway to undermine the position of the British in the Middle…… [Read More].

Close scrutiny of the military and political leaders of the First World War demonstrate how political leaders use methods like propaganda and ideology to forge their victories in the psyches of the people, helping military leaders achieve their goals by engendering trust, courage, and conviction in spite of tremendous hardships and even death. Similarly, the victories of military leaders become critical for effective political campaigns. Military leadership requires a different set of tools and tactics than political leadership but both are crucial for desirable outcomes.

One of the most successful political leaders during World War One ended up being Vladimir Lenin, who spearheaded the Bolshevik evolution and ensured the enduring success of Soviet policies. Lenin's leadership skills far exceeded those of Czar Nicholas II, who failed to inspire the people of ussia in the way Lenin had, thus leading to the demise…… [Read More]. World War I Had Devastating. The soldier is simply unable to live with this corruption. Instead, the narrator continues as his voice by proxy, indicting the society that caused the war and created the atrocity the killed the solder.

Likewise, Graves is forever changed by his experience, losing the respect he used to hold for the values and norms of the society that caused the war and failed to understand the effect of the war upon all that was beautiful and young.

In concussion, assoon's and Graves's work compare well as commentaries and criticisms upon what both authors appear to regard as the atrocity of war. Both protagonists are severely traumatized by their experiences. In both works, this trauma does not remain unaddressed. Both authors provide their central characters with a mouthpiece to denote…… [Read More]. Nationalism Before World War I. It is the greatest and most atrocious war brawled till date. Causes There were a number of causes that initiated the brutality of World War I Major causes include imperialism, nationalism, materialism and alliance systems.

However, the immediate cause of the beginning of the War was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the oyal Prince of Hungary and Bohemia. As he was killed by a Serbian nationalist in June…… [Read More].

The conflict lasted through late , concluding with the treaty of Versailles. The war to end all wars, as it was commonly known, was dominated by trench warfare.

Due to numerous advances in defense technology and a lack of tactical advances, both the Allied Nations and the Central Powers, were stymied by a lack of military advances. Not only was this the First war between so many great world powers, additionally this was the first war to be affected by, and ultimately fought, not only on the battle field but also in the press rooms.

Due to expansion in…… [Read More]. The treaty gave Germany much: The Western Front was calling. Leading up to the treaty, Imperial ussia had suffered devastating casualties and food shortages.

The Bolsheviks called for an end to the war on the Eastern Front, and Germany supported this call, allowing Lenin himself to return to…… [Read More]. Effect of WWI on Literature.

WWI and Literature World War I was certainly one of the most productive periods in literature with millions of poets and authors emerging on the scene and each one contributing tremendously to the growth and progress of literature. It is quite strange that while WWI was a deeply disturbing and a largely horrifying experience for most countries, it inspired writers and poets around the globe and this resulted in significant growth of world literature.

In England alone, more than poets emerged during this period as Harvey elaborates: The claim that three million war poems were written in Germany in the first six months of hostilities is difficult to substantiate, but Catherine W.

For example, William Watson then…… [Read More]. Zionist Influence in World War I. The Forces of Nationalism, Imperialism and Militarism The forces of nationalism, imperialism and militarism irrevocably led to World War I in several ways. Germany had become an industrialized nation, vying for economic power and rivaling the power of Britain Gilbert, Germany had also defeated France in the prior century in the Franco-Prussian War and taken the territories of Alsace and Lorraine.

France wanted them back Bradberry, The only way for each of these countries to get what they wanted from Germany was to go to war: World War I The Causes and How America Joined the War The events that led to the causes of the first world war had its roots in the Balkans in late July and there are causes including political, territorial, and economic conflicts among the great European powers in the four decades leading up to the war.

Militarism, a complex web of alliances, imperialism and nationalism were some of the other causes that led up to the First World War. The root for the Second World War lay in the peace accords and the punishments that were meted out to the Germans after the First World War and the sense of humiliation and economic debacle following the end of the First World War.

The animosity between the Americans and the Germans started with the sinking of the Lusitania as she made her maiden voyage from Liverpool to New York in…… [Read More].

A Serbian nationalist called Gavrilo Princip murdered him as the heir apparent to the throne of Austria. However, other underlying factors that contributed to the rivalry between the Great Powers include the system of alliances, nationalism, domestic political factors, militarism, the Eastern question The Balkans , and the crises before The main powers of Europe before were: In nature, the alliances were defensive, and this implied that major political disputes inevitably would lead to large and not small conflicts.

Nationalism looked at eager people across the world who wanted to let the rest of the world know how strong and…… [Read More]. This paper reviews the relevant literature to assess the relative importance of diplomacy, imperialism, and nationalism in causing the Great ar , as well as to identify the major players leading Europe to war.

An analysis of why this "unwanted war" was greeted with such joy is followed by an assessment of whether this enthusiastic reaction to the outbreak of war was the consequence of domestic tension or simple patriotism and whether the victors' positions after the war reflect their wartime experiences. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings concerning the Great ar are presented in the conclusion. Analyzing World War I Dada. Dada The literary and artistic movement known as Dada originated in the Swiss city of Zurich, at the time of the First World War, as a response to the War as well as the nationalism considered by many to have sparked the war.

Inspired by Futurism, Cubism, Expressionism, Constructivism, and other innovative movements, Dadaism's output ranged from poetry, collage, and painting, to performance arts and sculptures Jones, ; Hulsenbeck, The movement's aesthetic, characterized by contempt for nationalistic and materialistic attitudes, strongly influenced artists in major cities across the globe, such as Berlin, Paris, Cologne, Hanover, and New York, and all ended up creating their own separate groups.

Surrealism led to Dadaism's degeneration. Beginnings Sickened by the nationalism that triggered WWI, Dadaists were constantly against the idea of authoritarianism, and all kinds of guiding ideologies or group leadership. Their main concern was revolting against the apparent middleclass…… [Read More].

Causes and Effects of World War I. Virtually, the whole of Europe was involved as well as countries and kingdoms from other regions of the globe Strachan 9.

It should however be noted that the countries that engaged in this war entered the said war at different times and joined different alliances.

Essentially, the war was between two alliances - the Central Powers and the Allies. In addition to these two sides, there was a neutral group of nations that remained neutral to the war. However, some of the said groups later on started taking sides.

Great ar orld ar One ultimately killed 35 million people -- this alone might have merited its being called "The Great ar," although to a large degree it was the astonishing way in which the deaths happened. On the first day of the Battle of the Somme alone, Britain suffered almost sixty thousand casualties. The ten-month stalemate of the Battle of Verdun resulted in seven hundred thousand , dead, with no discernible tactical advance made by either side Tuchman


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Although the First World War is popularly considered a generally European endeavor, the Ottoman Empire at the time also played a significant role in the war and its aftermath. It was on the side of the Central Power, opposite to Russia, the Ottoman rival at the time (McKinney ).

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The First World War c) The Following were equally important reasons why the stalemate on the Western Front was finally broken: new technology like the tank the American entry into the war the blockading of German ports the German offensive in March Explain how far you agree with this statement.

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The First World War went down in history as one of the worst wars ever to be fought, owing to the magnitude of destruction and loss of life it left in its wake. The war started in ending in , and has been described variously as the Great War the War of Nations and the War to End All Wars. In this essay I will be focusing on the main causes of the First World War and I will be exploring this cause step by step, which it was began in early August The Great War was a military conflict that lasted from to which involved most of the world's great powers assembled in two opposing alliances.

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- First World War Poetry "downwfileh23.gq all I am not concerned with poetry. My subject is war, and the pity of war. The poetry is in the pity." -Wilfred Owen. The First World War, or The Great War, was fought over the period August to November The First World War, commonly known as WW1, was one of the most horrific, tragic, and world changing event of the 20th century. Beginning in and ending in , the war occurred due to series of events involving the super powers of the world.