The selling of the American wedding, by R. The last light breaking: Life among Alaska's Inupiat Eskimos. Publication manual of the American Psychological Association 6th ed.
The biology of aging: Observations and principles 3rd ed. Islands in a far sea: The fate of nature in Hawai'i Rev. University of Hawai'i Press.
If volumes in a work or set are published in different years, give the range of years separated by a dash as above. Tradition and the individual talent. Original work published Note that the page numbers of an article or chapter are preceded by "pp. If an article has been reprinted from a source published earlier, give the original date of publication in the "original work" element of the citation as shown above when using this element, the final period in a citation is omitted.
Working with sample data: Use the URL for the database. Use these URLs for library e-book databases:. The story of success [Kindle DX version]. A canoe-journey of 2, miles in search of the caribou. Resources for gender and sociocultural awareness pp.
When using just a chapter from a book the same rules apply regarding DOI or no DOI as listed above, depending on where the book was retrieved.
Anonymously analyzing clinical data sets. Sea Turtle Restoration Project. Threats to sea turtles. If you refer to an entire Web site, you do not need to include an entry for it in your reference list, but must identify the source clearly in the text of your paper.
The Sea Turtle Restoration Project homepage presents a wealth of compelling, well-researched information on the struggle to save the world's sea turtles from extinction http: Cross-curricular initiatives in NSCI No official APA format for citing online classroom materials exists - this is merely a recommended format to use in citing such documents. Continuous inverse optimal control with locally optimal examples.
APA does not address what to do with conference papers found in library databases. We suggest that, following the guidelines given for periodical articles, that you use, "Retrieved from" followed by the URL of either the conference itself or the sponsoring organization, located via Google. Concerted effort needed to consolidate and secure Internet connections at federal agencies Publication No. Sounding the spirit of Cambodia: The living tradition of Khmer music and dance-drama in a Washington, DC community Doctoral dissertation.
Retrieved from Dissertations and Theses database. Conquering the cold shudder: The origin and evolution of snake eyes Doctoral dissertation. Life and death in Washington DC: An analysis of the Mortality Census data of Master's thesis. Data pruning Master's thesis. The ship in the storm [Painting]. By Claire Fresches et al. National Gallery of Art. Retrieved from Academic Search Complete database. Eadweard Muybridge and the technological wild West. Why it's time to forget the pecking order at work [video file].
APA does not require that you cite personal communications interviews you've conducted, e-mail messages, etc. Instead, give an in-text citation only using the following model:. Joe Smith personal communication, November 18, informed me that the server had crashed several hours ago. Student Login Faculty Login.
Use only the date or date and page number. An online article with no page numbers. Citing multiple authors See Authors , below. Authors Publication Manual, pp. Reference List Citation Example: In-Text Citation Courtois, C.
In-Text Citation Kelley, P. In-Text Citation Hughes, J. Six or seven authors Example: In-Text Citation Phelps, B. Eight or more authors Example: In-Text Citation Carter, A.
In-Text Citation None to claim their bones: Titles Publication Manual, pp. Titles are italicized for the following items: Book title Student cheating and plagiarism in the Internet era: Source Example Magazine and journal volume and issue number formatting 12 4 12 is the volume number in italics and 4 is the issue number.
Page Numbers Publication Manual, pp. Online periodical where page numbers are not given National Geographic, 2. Follow the issue number of the magazine or journal with a period. Undated Sources Publication Manual, p. Citing a Source within a Source Publication Manual, p.
Free Web Giancola, P. More info In-text citation examples General Rules has more information about citing multiple authors, undated sources, etc. Free Web Springen, K. Free Web Gelb, N. When an issue of a magazine covers several months, the name of the first and last month in the range should be given in the citation, separated by a dash, for example: Newspapers Publication Manual, pp. Free Web Foreman, J. Encyclopedia Articles Publication Manual, p. Free Web Cohen, P. Top Books Publication Manual, pp.
Edited book Miller, J. For a single editor, use " Ed. Books where the author and publisher are the same American Psychological Association. Numbered edition other than the first Arking, R. Revised edition Culliney, J. Multi-volume set Green, C. Chapter or article in an anthology Eliot, T. Original work published Note that the page numbers of an article or chapter are preceded by "pp.
Cities, States and Countries: Foreign cities should be followed by the name of their country ex. Separate place of publication from publisher with a colon for example " New York, NY: If more than one city is given, list only the first. Top E-Books Style Guide, pp. Use these URLs for library e-book databases: Free Web Seton, E.
Top Web Sites Style Guide, pp. More info If you think that the content of a Web site will change over time, you can include the date that you viewed the cited information in your "retrieved from" line.
General Rules has more information about citing multiple authors, undated sources, etc. Top Conference Papers Style Guide, p. When the author is also the publisher, the publisher's name should be listed as Author. The element of the citation giving the publication or report number can be omitted if this information is not available for the source you're citing. Top Legal Materials Publication Manual, pp.
If you do not see it listed in this database, but know it was from a school in the United States, check with a reference librarian by sending an e-mail to askref [at] ciis [dot] edu. If the dissertation is from an institution in another country, and not listed in ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, see if you can find it through one of the other dissertation links on the CIIS Library Research Resources page. Publication numbers are akin to the standard identification numbers for books ISBNs , and will make it easier for future researchers using your work to unambiguously identify the work you are citing.
How can you find the publication number? You will find it in the citation; publication numbers usually begin with the letters AAT, with several numbers following, as in these two examples:. I ain't fattening frogs for snakes: An inquiry into the application of creativity research to teaching practice by Crowe, Byron Dan, Ph. Multimodal expressive arts therapy and pain management by Kasai, Aya, M. Title in italics Doctoral dissertation.
Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. An inquiry into the application of creativity research to teaching practice Doctoral dissertation. Title in italics Master's thesis. Images of pain, images of pain relief:
How to Cite a Thesis/Dissertation in APA Thesis – A document submitted to earn a degree at a university. Dissertation – A document submitted to earn an advanced degree, such as a doctorate, at a university.
Title of dissertation/thesis (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from Name of database. (Accession or Order Number) Example: Cooley, T. (). Design, development, and .
Identify the work as a doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis in parentheses after the title. If the paper was retrieved through a library database, give the accession or order number at the end of the reference. This can be located within the first pages of the thesis text. Rashed, D.H. (). 3) CIIS citation formats – APA, MLA, Chicago, AAA. APA citation format for a published dissertation: Author. (year). Title in italics (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. (Accession Order No. [number]) Crowe, B. D. (). I ain't fattening frogs for snakes: An inquiry into the application of creativity research to .
Citation Machine™ helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use. Cite your dissertation in American Psychological Association 6th . Also, APA calls for the citation to end with a unique identifying number for the dissertation, labeling it “UMI No.” That number can be found in Dissertations and Theses database, listed in the item record as “Dissertation/thesis number.”.